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Longman Academic Writing Series: Paragrahs to Essays SB w/App, Online Practice & Digital Resources Lvl 3, 4/e
9780136838531

Alice Oshima
Ann Hogue

Publisher: Pearson Education ESL
Copyright: 2021
Format: Paper, 304 pp.

ISBN-10: 0136838537
ISBN-13: 9780136838531

Status: In Stock
Published: 05/06/2020

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Table of Contents

To the Teacher....................................................................................................................... xi
Acknowledgments............................................................................................................... xii
Chapter Overview................................................................................................................xiii
PART I: WRITING A PARAGRAPH
Chapter 1 Academic Paragraphs...................................................................2
Introduction ...................................................................................................................3
Analyzing the Model......................................................................................................3
Noticing Vocabulary: Word Families ......................................................................4
Organization .................................................................................................................5
Formatting the Page.....................................................................................................6
Mechanics ...................................................................................................................10
Sentence Structure ..................................................................................................14
Simple Sentences.......................................................................................................14
Phrases.........................................................................................................................15
Subject-Verb Agreement............................................................................................16
Fragments.....................................................................................................................18
Applying Vocabulary: Using Nouns and Verbs.....................................................19
The Writing Process ................................................................................................21
Listing ...........................................................................................................................21
Writing Assignment: A Paragraph about Someone Who Made a Difference......27
Self-Assessment .......................................................................................................29
Expansion ....................................................................................................................29
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about Someone Who Taught You a Lesson.........29
Journal Writing.............................................................................................................30
Chapter 2 Narrative Paragraphs...................................................................31
Introduction .................................................................................................................32
Analyzing the Model....................................................................................................32
Noticing Vocabulary: Compound Nouns...............................................................33
Organization ...............................................................................................................34
Time-Order Signals.....................................................................................................34
Purpose .........................................................................................................................38
Sentence Structure ..................................................................................................39
Analyzing the Model....................................................................................................39
Compound Sentences................................................................................................40
Coordinating Conjunctions........................................................................................41
Punctuation .................................................................................................................44
Three Comma Rules...................................................................................................44
Applying Vocabulary: Using Compound Nouns...................................................46
Preparation for Writing ...........................................................................................46
Freewriting....................................................................................................................47
Writing Assignment: A Narrative Paragraph about a Memorable Experience....48
Self-Assessment .......................................................................................................49
Expansion ....................................................................................................................49
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about a Time You Disobeyed Rules.......................49
Journal Writing.............................................................................................................50
Chapter 3 Basic Paragraph Structure......................................................51
Introduction .................................................................................................................52
Analyzing the Model....................................................................................................52
Noticing Vocabulary: Adjectives ...........................................................................53
Organization ...............................................................................................................54
The Topic Sentence....................................................................................................54
Supporting Sentences: Main Points.........................................................................61
Supporting Details: Examples...................................................................................62
The Concluding Sentence..........................................................................................64
Sentence Structure ..................................................................................................69
Analyzing the Model....................................................................................................69
Adjectives and Adverbs in Basic Sentences...........................................................70
Applying Vocabulary: Using Adjectives.................................................................72
Preparation for Writing ...........................................................................................73
Outlining........................................................................................................................73
The Detailed Outline....................................................................................................74
Writing Assignment: A Paragraph about a Hobby or Sport...............................76
Self-Assessment .......................................................................................................77
Expansion ....................................................................................................................77
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about a Relaxing Activity.........................................77
Summary Writing.........................................................................................................78
Chapter 4 Logical Division of Ideas...........................................................79
Introduction .................................................................................................................80
Analyzing the Model....................................................................................................80
Noticing Vocabulary: Synonyms.............................................................................81
Organization ...............................................................................................................82
Logical Division of Ideas............................................................................................82
Unity in the Supporting Sentences of a Paragraph................................................85
Coherence in the Supporting Sentences of a Paragraph......................................86
Sentence Structure ..................................................................................................96
Run-ons and Comma Splices...................................................................................96
Correcting Run-ons and Comma Splices................................................................96
Finding Run-ons and Comma Splices.....................................................................96
Applying Vocabulary: Using Synonyms and Near Synonyms............................99
Writing Assignment: A Paragraph about Shopping Habits................................99
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................100
Expansion ..................................................................................................................101
Timed Writing: A Paragraph for Students about Shopping...............................101
Summary Writing.......................................................................................................101
Chapter 5 Process Paragraphs...................................................................102
Introduction ...............................................................................................................103
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................103
Noticing Vocabulary: Phrasal Verbs.....................................................................104
Organization .............................................................................................................105
Topic Sentences in Process Paragraphs...............................................................105
Supporting Sentences in Process Paragraphs.....................................................105
Concluding Sentences in Process Paragraphs....................................................105
Using Time Order in Process Paragraphs.............................................................106
Purpose .......................................................................................................................109
Audience ....................................................................................................................109
Sentence Structure ................................................................................................110
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................110
Clauses and Complex Sentences...........................................................................112
Applying Vocabulary: Using Phrasal Verbs.........................................................117
Writing Assignment: A Process Paragraph about Self-Improvement.............118
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................119
Expansion ..................................................................................................................120
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about Learning English Vocabulary.....................120
Email to a Professor..................................................................................................120
Chapter 6 Definition Paragraphs................................................................121
Introduction ...............................................................................................................122
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................122
Noticing Vocabulary: Word Knowledge...............................................................123
Organization .............................................................................................................124
Sentence Structure ................................................................................................128
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................128
Appositives.................................................................................................................129
Adjective Clauses......................................................................................................131
Complex Sentences with Adjective Clauses.........................................................133
Applying Vocabulary: Using Word Knowledge...................................................142
Preparation for Writing .........................................................................................143
Clustering...................................................................................................................143
Writing Assignment: A Paragraph That Defines a Word, Concept, or Custom....144
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................145
Expansion ..................................................................................................................146
Timed Writing: A Paragraph That Defines Family................................................146
Paraphrasing..............................................................................................................146
Chapter 7 Cause / Effect Paragraphs.....................................................148
Introduction ...............................................................................................................149
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................149
Noticing Vocabulary: Prefixes...............................................................................150
Organization .............................................................................................................151
Topic Sentences in Cause / Effect Paragraphs....................................................151
Supporting Sentences in Cause / Effect Paragraphs..........................................152
Concluding Sentences in Cause / Effect Paragraphs..........................................152
Sentence Structure ................................................................................................160
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................160
Cause / Effect Transition Signals............................................................................161
Applying Vocabulary: Using Prefixes...................................................................167
Writing Assignment: A Cause / Effect Paragraph about a Social Issue.........168
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................169
Expansion ..................................................................................................................169
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about the Positive Effects of Walking..................169
Double-Entry Journal Writing..................................................................................170
Chapter 8 Comparison / Contrast Paragraphs................................171
Introduction ...............................................................................................................172
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................172
Noticing Vocabulary: Antonyms...........................................................................173
Organization .............................................................................................................174
Topic Sentences in Comparison / Contrast Paragraphs.....................................175
Supporting Sentences in Comparison / Contrast Paragraphs...........................175
Concluding Sentences in Comparison / Contrast Paragraphs..........................176
Sentence Structure ................................................................................................182
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................182
Transition Signals for Comparison..........................................................................183
Transition Signals for Contrast................................................................................187
Applying Vocabulary: Using Antonyms................................................................190
Preparation for Writing .........................................................................................191
Conducting an Interview..........................................................................................191
Writing Assignment: A Comparison / Contrast Paragraph about Education....194
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................195
Expansion ..................................................................................................................195
Timed Writing: A Paragraph about Your Education vs. a Parent’s....................195
Double-Entry Journal Writing..................................................................................196
PART II: WRITING AN ESSAY
Chapter 9 Essay Organization......................................................................198
Introduction ...............................................................................................................199
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................199
Noticing Vocabulary: Formal and Informal Words.............................................201
Organization .............................................................................................................202
Introductory Paragraphs..........................................................................................203
Body Paragraphs.......................................................................................................205
Concluding Paragraphs............................................................................................206
Transitions between Paragraphs.............................................................................209
Essay Outlining..........................................................................................................213
The Writing Process ..............................................................................................215
Applying Vocabulary: Using Formal and Informal Vocabulary.........................218
Writing Assignment: An Essay about Nonverbal Communication..................219
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................220
Expansion ..................................................................................................................221
Timed Writing: An Essay about Body Language in Your Native Culture..........221
Summary Writing.......................................................................................................221
Chapter 10 Opinion Essays............................................................................222
Introduction ...............................................................................................................223
Analyzing the Model..................................................................................................223
Noticing Vocabulary: Collocations.......................................................................225
Organization .............................................................................................................226
Introductory Paragraphs in Opinion Essays..........................................................226
Body Paragraphs in Opinion Essays......................................................................228
Concluding Paragraphs in Opinion Essays...........................................................230
Developing Supporting Details .........................................................................230
Quotations..................................................................................................................230
Statistics.....................................................................................................................232
Applying Vocabulary: Using Collocations...........................................................235
Preparation for Writing .........................................................................................236
Conducting a Survey................................................................................................236
Writing Assignment: An Opinion Essay about Getting a Good Education.......237
Self-Assessment .....................................................................................................238
Expansion ..................................................................................................................238
Timed Writing: An Opinion Essay about Homework...........................................238
Writing an Opinion for Publication..........................................................................239
APPENDICES
Appendix A Grammar Terms....................................................................................240
Appendix B Sentence Types and Connecting Words..........................................243
Appendix C Connecting Words and Transition Signals.......................................246
Appendix D Punctuation Rules................................................................................248
Appendix E Correction Symbols.............................................................................250
Appendix F Peer Review and Writer’s Self-Check Worksheets..........................253
Index....................................................................................................................................274
Credits.................................................................................................................................279

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